This package uses
cffi to interface with the HELICS library.
The source for this package contains only pure python code.
Python helics packages with version numbers greater than
v2.6.0 use this new cffi interface.
Versions equal to and prior to
v2.6.0 used swig to generate the Python API.
Install from PyPI (recommended)¶
$ which python # sanity check on Unix $ which pip # sanity check on Unix $ where python # sanity check on Windows $ where pip # sanity check on Windows $ python -m pip install helics
python -m pip invokes the
pip module from the
python process. This is the safest way to ensure you are installing
helics into the place
python will look for packages.
python belong to the same environment, you can invoke
This will give you the latest version of the python helics interface. If you already have helics installed, you can upgrade to the latest version by using the following:
$ pip install helics --upgrade
You can install a specific version by using the following:
$ pip install helics
By default, when you install from PyPI, the version number of the package will match the version of HELICS that is installed. For example, if you run the following:
$ pip install helics
You will also get precompiled binaries of HELICS for your platform if they exist. If they don’t exist, a source distribution will be installed in which case the user must provide the location of the binaries. See the next section for more information about how to do that.
Custom version of HELICS¶
The python package in this repository uses a environment variable called
PYHELICS_INSTALL to choose the location of the precompiled binaries of the C HELICS library.
If you wish to change the version of HELICS used, you can set this environment variable to point to the location of an HELICS installation.
For example, let’s say as a user you want to use HELICS in a Conda environment.
$ conda create -n helics-py3-env python=3 -y $ conda activate helics-py3-env
import helics in python in this environment throws an error because python package hasn’t been installed yet.
$ python -c 'import helics' Traceback (most recent call last): File "<string>", line 1, in <module> ModuleNotFoundError: No module named 'helics'
You can install
$ pip install helics pip install helics Collecting helics Downloading helics-2.6.1.post0-py3-none-macosx_10_9_x86_64.whl (6.6 MB) |████████████████████████████████| 6.6 MB 2.3 MB/s Collecting enum34>=1.1.10 Using cached enum34-1.1.10-py3-none-any.whl (11 kB) Collecting cffi>=1.0.0 Using cached cffi-1.14.3-2-cp38-cp38-macosx_10_9_x86_64.whl (176 kB) Collecting pycparser Using cached pycparser-2.20-py2.py3-none-any.whl (112 kB) Installing collected packages: enum34, pycparser, cffi, helics Successfully installed cffi-1.14.3 enum34-1.1.10 helics-2.6.1.post0 pycparser-2.20
Now that you have installed the python package, you can check that it works:
$ python -c "import helics; print(helics.helicsGetVersion())" 2.6.1 (2020-10-15)
This installs the Python package
helics-2.6.1.post0 and it comes with precompiled binaries for HELICS version 2.6.1 that we released on 2020-10-15.
Let’s say you’ve made modification to the HELICS library or compiled it with some different flags.
Or you are interested in a using an older version of HELICS.
You can do that with this python package by changing the
PYHELICS_INSTALL environment variable.
As an example, if you want to use the Python package with HELICS v2.5.2, you can clone the git repository for HELICS, build from source and install it to any location.
In this example, I chose to install it in
$ git clone https://github.com/GMLC-TDC/HELICS $ cd HELICS $ git checkout v2.5.2 $ mkdir -p build $ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/local/helics-v2.5.2 .. $ make -j8 && make install
Now in bash, you can set the environment variable:
$ export PYHELICS_INSTALL=~/local/helics-v2.5.2
Now when you
import helics and print the version you’ll get
$ python -c "import helics; print(helics.helicsGetVersion())" 2.5.2 (2020-06-14)
If you want to build from source and use the
$ git checkout develop $ git submodule update $ cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=~/local/helics-develop .. $ make -j8 && make install $ export PYHELICS_INSTALL=~/local/helics-develop $ python -c "import helics; print(helics.helicsGetVersion())" 2.6.0-develop-g3a460f1f (2020-09-24)
The Python HELICS cffi interface is tested with the latest version of HELICS. If you find any issues with earlier versions of HELICS, please report them on https://github.com/GMLC-TDC/HELICS/issues.
In order to run this package, you will need to download HELICS.
You can use this package to download HELICS.
$ git clone https://github.com/GMLC-TDC/pyhelics $ cd pyhelics $ python setup.py download
Alternatively, you can install HELICS in any way you like and point this package to the correct installation.
You can do this by setting the
PYHELICS_INSTALL environment variable, as described in the previous section.
The path to the installation must be the root of the installation.
On Linux or Mac, add the following to your
$ export PYHELICS_INSTALL="/path/to/helics_installation"
$ tree /path/to/helics_installation helics_installation ├── include │ └── helics ├── lib │ ├── cmake │ ├── libhelicsSharedLib.2.6.1.dylib │ ├── libhelicsSharedLib.2.dylib -> libhelicsSharedLib.2.6.1.dylib │ ├── libhelicsSharedLib.dylib -> libhelicsSharedLib.2.dylib │ ├── libzmq.5.2.2.dylib │ ├── libzmq.5.dylib -> libzmq.5.2.2.dylib │ ├── libzmq.dylib -> libzmq.5.dylib │ └── pkgconfig └── share ├── doc ├── helics └── man
On Windows, follow instructions online to set a user environment variable to the path of the HELICS installation.
You can also use
set PYHELICS_INSTALL="C:\path\to\helics_installation" in a command line session.
Next, you can install pyhelics by either using
pip or setting your
$ git clone https://github.com/GMLC-TDC/pyhelics $ cd pyhelics $ python -m pip install -e .
This will install
Run the following to ensure that everything is working as expected.
import helics as h print(h.__file__) # this should print the path to the __init__.py file in the pyhelics repository print(h.helicsGetVersion()) # this should print the version of the HELICS library in the PYHELICS_INSTALL environment or the latest version of HELICS
See Migration from HELICS2 to HELICS3 for more information on changes between this version and the SWIG version of the HELICS library.
Linking HELICS library¶
If you are interested in using the HELICS libraries that are installed along with Python with another application, you can find them in the location that is printed by running the following:
$ python -c 'import helics as h; print(h._build.PYHELICS_INSTALL)'